By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few whole descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complicated tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain tune of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists can be specially drawn to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a few logically autonomous phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate valuable analyses of, between others, gender and contract; demanding, point, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they're going to come upon many morphosyntactic variations among Eton and the higher identified japanese and Southern Bantu languages, frequently because of evolutions formed through maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate structures offer info not often present in assets at the languages of the zone, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)
6. Syllable structure Sections 2, 4 and 5 dealt with the segmental phonology of Eton and Section 7 will describe the tonal phonology. This section describes how elements of the tonal and the segmental tiers combine into syllables. e. there is no syllabic skeleton consisting of an underlying succession of syllabic (V, o) and non-syllabic (C, <) elements. Apart from the segmental tier and the tonal tier, a rhythmical tier is defined that contains only one kind of elements, viz. weight units (following Hyman 1985).
Mbí/ ‘palm nut’ /mbÞڟ/ ‘grain’ /u/ vs. /Þ/ /kú/ ‘chicken’ /kÞڟ/ ‘tuber’ /e/ vs. /Ų/ /wé/ ‘kill’ (v) /wŲڮ/ ‘laugh’ (v) /o/ vs. /Þ/ /͡ڮkó͡/ ‘rank’ /͡ڮkÞ͡ڟ/ ‘pipe’ /e/ vs. /u/ /wé/ ‘kill’ /wú/ ‘die’ /i/ vs. /iٝ/ /tín/ ‘push’ (v) /tìٝnì/ ‘detach itself’ (v) /e/ vs. /o/ /í ࣨdé/ ‘his one’ /ìdò/ ‘member’ /e/ vs. /eٝ/ no minimal pair found /e/ vs. /Þ/ /wé/ ‘kill’ (v) /wÞڟ/ ‘give birth’ (v) /Ų/ vs. /a/ /lŲڮd/ ‘be difficult’ (v) /làd/ ‘sew’ (v) /ũ/ vs. /u/ /vũڟ/ ‘to give’ /vú/ ‘to resemble’ /ũ/ vs.
11) a. /Ųڮswɤ/ ࣰ [ŲڮsȢɤ] ‘ash’ b. 4. Labio-dentalisation of /m/ The bilabial nasal /m/ is realised as [̼] before /v/. 5. Labialisation Some consonants are labialised before /o/. I found examples of /k/ ࣰ [kՔ], /v/ ࣰ [vՔ], /b/ ࣰ [bՔ] and /m/ ࣰ [mՔ]. The rule might be lexically conditioned. On the one hand, its application by Eton speakers appears to be optional. On the other hand, I was sometimes corrected when I did not labialise. Moreover, the range of consonants for which labialisation has been noted can hardly be called a natural class.