By Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss
Acid-Base and Electrolyte guide for Veterinary Technicians provides a simple to appreciate but complete method of acid-base and electrolyte balance.
- Covers the body structure of fluids and their influence on acid-base and electrolyte balance
- Offers particular details on handling acid-base and electrolyte derangements in disease
- Includes entry to a better half site with case experiences and a number of selection questions
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Additional resources for Acid-base and electrolyte handbook for veterinary technicians
When evaluating chloride levels they should always be evaluated in conjunction with sodium levels. Sodium and chloride should exist at a ratio of 3:2. 1 Corrected chloride. 2 Chloride gap. level of sodium is approximately 146 mEq/L in dogs, and 156 mEq/L in cats. The normal chloride value is 105–115 mEq/L in dogs and 115–125 mEq/L in cats (DiBartola 2012). Disorders of chloride can be divided into either artifactual or true derangements and must be evaluated in relation to changes of sodium and water balance.
Mazzaferro, E. (2013). Small Animal Fluid Therapy, Acid‐Base and Electrolyte Disorders: A Color Handbook. London: Manson Publishing. 5 mEq/L (~2%) are outside of the cells. 1). Potassium imbalance can be the result of many different factors including renal failure, improper acid‐base status, and lack of intake. Regulation of potassium About 90% of the ingested potassium is absorbed in the small intestines. The potassium is then translocated from the extracellular fluid (ECF) to the intracellular fluid (ICF) by the function of insulin and catecholamines such as epinephrine or norepinephrine.
Pleural effusion or peritoneal effusion, including uroabdomen and peritonitis). Hyponatremia due to vomiting and diarrhea develops not as a result of fluid loss itself, as this is usually hypotonic fluid loss, but as a result of the physiologic mechanisms to compensate for the volume depletion experienced. These mechanisms work to preserve volume despite fluid tonicity and include: 1 GFR decreases in response to reduced renal blood flow. Reduced filtration rate leads to an increase in reabsorption of sodium and water in the proximal tubules of the kidneys, and reduced urinary output.