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By Kenneth N. Stevens

This e-book provides a concept of speech-sound new release within the human vocal process. the excellent acoustic conception serves as one foundation for outlining different types of speech sounds used to shape differences among phrases in languages. the writer starts with a evaluate of the anatomy and body structure of speech construction, then covers resource mechanisms, the vocal tract as an acoustic clear out, correct elements of auditory psychophysics and body structure, and phonological representations. within the final chapters he provides an in depth exam of vowels, consonants, and the impression of context on speech-sound construction. even supposing he focuses regularly at the sounds of English, he touches in brief on sounds in different languages. The e-book will function a reference for speech scientists, speech pathologists, linguists drawn to phonetics and phonology, psychologists attracted to speech notion and creation, and engineers enthusiastic about speech processing functions.

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1988. "Antipas­ sive in Chukchee: Oblique object, object incorporation, zero object". In Shibatani 1988: 651-706. Lazurskij, Aleksandr. 1988. "Konstrukcija so smescennym dopolneniem pri glagole, upravljajuscem nazvaniem casti tela, vo francuzskom jazyke". ), Voprosy kibernetiki. Problemy razrabotki formal'noj modeli jazyka, 2848. Moscow: AN SSSR. Mel'cuk, Igor. 1981. "Meaning-Text models: A recent trend in Soviet linguistics". Annual Review of Anthropology 10: 27-62. Mel'cuk, Igor. 1988. Dependency syntax: Theory and practice.

In the literature, this term VOICE: TOWARDS A RIGOROUS DEFINITION 37 (introduced in Silverstein 1972: 195) is used for what I propose here to call detransitivative. , among others, Heath 1976, Davies 1984 et Kozinsky et al 1988, where one finds further relevant references. However, the term antipassive (in the meaning of 'detransitivative') is logically and terminologically unacceptable. Here are at least three compel­ ling reasons for which I think it should be banned and replaced with detransitivative.

Sintaksiceskie szedstva vyraženija possessivnosti". In Kategorija pritjazatel'nosti v slavjanskix i baikanskix jazykax, Moskva: Nauka, 4-9. W. 1975. "Voice — beyond the passive". BLS 1: 16-24. Chung, Sandra. 1976. "An object-creating rule in Bahasa Indonesia". Linguistic Inquiry 7: 41-87. CLAIX. 1984. Travaux du Cercle linguistique dAix-en-Provence, 2, Le passif. Aix-enProvence: Université de Provence. Comrie, Bernard. 1977. "In defense of spontaneous demotion: The impersonal passive. In Cole, Peter; and Sadock, Jerold (eds), Grammatical relations (= Syntax and Semantics, vol.

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