By Richard Heinberg
Weather switch, besides the depletion of oil, coal, and gasoline, dictate that we are going to necessarily flow clear of our profound societal reliance on fossil fuels; yet simply how colossal a change will this be? whereas many policy-makers think that renewable strength assets will supply a simple "plug-and-play" answer, writer Richard Heinberg indicates in its place that we're in for a wild trip; a "civilization reboot" on a scale just like the rural and business revolutions.
Afterburn includes fifteen essays exploring quite a few points of the twenty-first century migration clear of fossil fuels including:
Short-term political and monetary components that hamper broad-scale, prepared efforts to adapt
The foundation of longer-term traits (such as consumerism), that experience created a life-style that turns out "normal" to so much american citizens, yet is de facto unheard of, hugely fragile, and unsustainable
Potential possibilities and resources of clash which are prone to emerge
From the inevitability and desirability of extra in the neighborhood geared up economies to the pressing have to guard our fresh cultural achievements and the futility of pursuing monetary development specifically, Afterburn bargains state of the art views and insights that problem traditional wondering our current, our destiny, and the alternatives in our hands.
Richard Heinberg is a senior fellow of the put up Carbon Institute, the writer of 11 earlier books together with The Party's Over and the tip of development. he's generally considered as one of many world's superior communicators of the pressing have to transition clear of fossil fuels.
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Additional info for Afterburn: Society Beyond Fossil Fuels
Visualize life without gasoline. You might as well start doing so now, at least in your imagination; soon enough, this will no longer be an exercise. Already prices are high and volatile. In coming years or decades we may see international conflicts that shut down big portions of the global oil trade for weeks or months at a time. Strategic reserves will be tapped. The government will commandeer supplies for the military and police. One way or another, you’ll be using much less gasoline than you do today.
As we approach the energy break-even point, we can expect the requirement for ever-higher levels of investment in exploration and production on the part of the petroleum industry; we can therefore anticipate higher prices for finished fuels. , extraction and processing), because we will be drilling deeper and going to the ends of the Earth to find the last remaining deposits, and we will be burning ever-dirtier fuels. Right now that’s exactly what is happening. The Gross Society 23 While America’s current gross oil production numbers appear rosy, from an energy accounting perspective the figures are frightening: energy profit margins are declining fast.
But the situation is actually a bit more complicated, because it takes energy to get energy. It takes diesel fuel to drill oil wells; it takes electricity to build solar panels. The energy that’s left over — once we’ve fueled production of energy — makes possible all the things people want and need to do. It’s net energy, not gross energy, that does society’s work. Before the advent of fossil fuels, agriculture was our main energy source, and the average net gain from the work of energy production was minimal.