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The division between employees working in buildings built before and after 1975 is indicated to show what proportion of the building stock could be fully designed to be low-energy structures and how many could be re­ habilitated. Eastern Europe (CMEA-6) Government policies HOUSEHOLD I POST - 197 5SN DWELLING S HOUSEHOLD I PR E - 197 5SSN DWELLING Western Europe (EUR-9) 10 0 90 80 ^ 70 y^^ 60 50 ; 40 30 20 10 l " "I I HOUSEHOLD I POS T - 197 5SN DWELLING S " L*^ ****— " 1 I * ί t HOUSEHOLD - 197 5SSΓΙ DWELLING " * PRE i \ * f"""" f l i f I 1 The future building stock will be affected by a wide range of energy-saving regulations, legislation and sometimes by professional codes of practice in almost all industrial countries.

While energy consumption could stay near its 1975 level up to the year 2000 for all countries taken together, this is not the case for countries taken separately or in small groups. Some show consumption rising slowly and for others there is a decline. 7. Each of the four forecasts shows the total consumption of fuel in this sector, recent trends in the 1970s and govern­ ment forecasts. The range of potential savings varies from one country or group to another. Eastern Europe shows the largest energy savings proportionally with a 33 per cent drop between the Trends Continued and Conservation Cases for the year 2000.

By the year 2000 district heat provides 45 per cent of the heat consumed in service sector buildings in the Soviet Union for the Conservation Case, having risen from 36 per cent in 1975. In Eastern Europe, district heating and combined heat and power go from 41 per cent in 1975 to 55 per cent in the year 2000 in supply heat to the service sector. Solar energy is also introduced more vigorously in the United States and Western Europe than in Eastern European countries. By the year 2000 some 15 per cent of the United States heating needs in the service sector comes 5 0199 0200 5 5198 0199 0200 198 197 5 5198 0199 C200197 from solar in the Conservation Case.

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