Download Ancient Greece (2nd Edition) by Thomas R. Martin PDF

By Thomas R. Martin

During this compact but complete background of old Greece, Thomas R. Martin brings alive Greek civilization from its Stone Age roots to the fourth century B.C. concentrating on the advance of the Greek city-state and the society, tradition, and structure of Athens in its Golden Age, Martin integrates political, army, social, and cultural heritage in a ebook that may attract scholars and basic readers alike. Now in its moment version, this vintage paintings now gains new maps and illustrations, a brand new advent, and updates throughout.

"A limpidly written, hugely available, and complete historical past of Greece and its civilizations from prehistory in the course of the cave in of Alexander the Great's empire...A hugely readable account of old Greece, really necessary as an introductory or evaluation textual content for the coed or the overall reader."—Kirkus Reviews

"A polished and informative paintings that would be important for normal readers and students."—Daniel Tompkins, Temple collage

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Additional resources for Ancient Greece (2nd Edition)

Sample text

Reverential imitation is prompted by reverence for the one imitated. For instance, any modification of dress adopted by a king is imitated by courtiers and spreads downwards; the result of this process is ‘fashion’ in clothing. This is a fundamental principle of a ‘trickle-down’ theory of fashion. Competitive imitation is prompted by the desire to assert equality with a person. Veblen’s discussion of fashion (1957[1899]) remains within the framework of the creation and institutionalization of the leisure class through consumption activities.

Veblen’s discussion of fashion (1957[1899]) remains within the framework of the creation and institutionalization of the leisure class through consumption activities. He identifies three properties of fashion: 1) It is an expression of the wearer’s wealth. Expenditure on clothing is a striking example of conspicuous consumption. Clothes are the evidence and indication of economic wealth at the first glance. What is not expensive is unworthy and inferior. 2) It shows that one does not need to earn one’s living or is not engaged in any kind of productive physical labor.

Bell (1976[1947]) used much of Veblen’s theoretical framework of the trickle-down theory of fashion. ’ His view is similar to that of Simmel, a much earlier writer on fashion who believed that fashion arose as a form of class differentiation in a relatively open class society. As noted earlier, Simmel saw fashion as a process involving a series of steps: an elite class seeks to set itself apart by its distinctive dress; the class just below it then adopts this distinctive dress in order to identify with the superior status of the class above it; then the next lower class copies the dress of the elite group indirectly by copying the dress of the class just below the elite; and as a result of this emulation, the elite are forced to devise a new form of distinguishing dress.

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