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The computing professional must strive to achieve quality and to be cognizant of the serious negative consequences that may result from poor quality in a system. 2.2 Acquire and maintain professional competence. Some examples of fraudulent activities include: abuse of authority, including improper or excessive use of your authority to obtain or provide a benefit; use of insider knowledge of policies, programs, processes, or systems to obtain or provide an unwarranted benefit; making false statements (including, for example, failure to report income) under the Income Tax Act, the Excise Tax Act, the Excise Act, 2001, or any other Act administered by the CRA, resulting in a benefit to which you or another person or entity is not entitled; forging or altering CRA documents for personal gain, or the gain of others; bribery, including seeking or accepting money or valuable consideration in exchange for an action or decision in favour of the person or entity offering the bribe; engaging in conflicts of interest, where an employee has an undisclosed economic or personal interest in a transaction that adversely affects the CRA; falsifying attendance, leave, travel time, overtime, and anything else that results in receiving pay for time not worked; falsely reporting travel expenses or misuse of taxi chits, acquisition card, designated travel card, and the like; cheating on a selection process or examination; providing an opportunity or permitting another person to defraud the Crown; and failing to report any violation or fraud concerning the Financial Administration Act and its regulations, or any other Act administered by the CRA.

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Their interpretation in case law and ethics opinions also serves as guidance, since the state rules are based on these models. Because of the problems raised by imputation within a government agency, paragraph (d) does not impute the conflicts of a lawyer currently serving as an officer or employee of the government to other associated government officers or employees, although ordinarily it will be prudent to screen such lawyers. [3] Paragraphs (a)(2) and (d)(2) apply regardless of whether a lawyer is adverse to a former client and are thus designed not only to protect the former client, but also to prevent a lawyer from exploiting public office for the advantage of another client.

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Good cause exists if the lawyer could not handle the matter competently, see RPC 1.1, or if undertaking the representation would result in an improper conflict of interest, for example, when the client or the cause is so repugnant to the lawyer as to be likely to impair the client-lawyer relationship or the lawyer's ability to represent the client. Experience indicates that "cashing out" the sometimes speculative nature of these interests has created problems for incoming employees.

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Question 4–16 If practitioners should be required to disclose misconduct in accordance with Question 4–15, what conduct should they be required to disclose? On November 15, 1999, a decision was rendered by the Provincial Adjudicator of Cavite (PARAD) in favor of complainant, Plus Builders, Inc. and against the tenants/farmers Leopoldo de Guzman, et. al., who were the clients of respondent Atty. During the next few decades, it grew very little because Wiener’s insights were so far ahead of everyone else’s.

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If you are unhappy about the outcome of a case rather than the professional conduct of an attorney, you should look into the possibility of appealing that case to the appropriate court of appeals. A concurrent conflict of interest exists if: ������������ (1) The representation of one client will be directly adverse to another client; or ������������ (2) There is a significant risk that the representation of one or more clients will be materially limited by the lawyer�s responsibilities to another client, a former client or a third person or by a personal interest of the lawyer. ����� (b) Notwithstanding the existence of a concurrent conflict of interest under paragraph (a), a lawyer may represent a client if: ������������ (1) The lawyer reasonably believes that the lawyer will be able to provide competent and diligent representation to each affected client; ������������ (2) The representation is not prohibited by law; ������������ (3) The representation does not involve the assertion of a claim by one client against another client represented by the lawyer in the same litigation or other proceeding before a tribunal; and ������������ (4) Each affected client gives informed consent, confirmed in writing. ����� (a) A lawyer shall not enter into a business transaction with a client or knowingly acquire an ownership, possessory, security or other pecuniary interest adverse to a client unless: ������������ (1) The transaction and terms on which the lawyer acquires the interest are fair and reasonable to the client and are fully disclosed and transmitted in writing in a manner that can be reasonably understood by the client; ������������ (2) The client is advised in writing of the desirability of seeking and is given a reasonable opportunity to seek the advice of independent legal counsel on the transaction; and ������������ (3) The client gives informed consent, in a writing signed by the client, to the essential terms of the transaction and the lawyer�s role in the transaction, including whether the lawyer is representing the client in the transaction. ����� (b) A lawyer shall not use information relating to representation of a client to the disadvantage of the client unless the client gives informed consent, except as permitted or required by these Rules. ����� (c) A lawyer shall not solicit any substantial gift from a client, including a testamentary gift, or prepare on behalf of a client an instrument giving the lawyer or a person related to the lawyer any substantial gift unless the lawyer or other recipient of the gift is related to the client.

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Then spend this time on learning and getting real life experience. Settlement: The Dean’s Designee will inform the Respondent and the Respondent’s Faculty Advisor or Representative of the possibility of settling the complaint without a hearing, as set out in Section V. Certainly, the evidence in proper and full form is essential in assessing the prospects of conviction or acquittal but not in deciding whether to plead guilty or not.

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When the services of an interpreter are required, addiction professionals must obtain informed consent documents and verification of confidentiality from the interpreter and client. Any vacancies should be filled promptly in accordance with the SBA Constitution or By-laws. Hostile work environment: An environment that a reasonable person would find hostile or abusive and one which the person who is the object of the harassment in fact perceives to be hostile and abusive. A part-time judge is a judge who serves part-time, whether continuously or periodically, but is permitted by law to devote time to some other profession or occupation and whose compensation for that reason is less than that of a full-time judge.

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As published in Professionalism Perspectives Vol. 14 No. 1, a publication of DRI It is undeniable that technology and globalization are changing the way lawyers practice law. A judge may: (a) initiate, permit, or consider ex parte communications as authorized by law; (b) when circumstances require it, permit ex parte communication for scheduling, administrative, or emergency purposes, but only if the ex parte communication does not address substantive matters and the judge reasonably believes that no party will gain a procedural, substantive, or tactical advantage as a result of the ex parte communication; (c) obtain the written advice of a disinterested expert on the law, but only after giving advance notice to the parties of the person to be consulted and the subject matter of the advice and affording the parties reasonable opportunity to object and respond to the notice and to the advice received; or (d) with the consent of the parties, confer separately with the parties and their counsel in an effort to mediate or settle pending matters. (5) A judge should dispose promptly of the business of the court. (6) A judge should not make public comment on the merits of a matter pending or impending in any court.

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If a client voluntarily offers to make a gift to the lawyer, the lawyer may accept the gift, but before doing so, should urge that the client secure disinterested advice from an independent, competent person who is cognizant of all the circumstances. For many issues, court opinions can be found using the digest approach under the topic "attorney and client." Any payment in excess of such an amount is compensation. (c) No full-time judge shall solicit or receive compensation for extra-judicial activities performed for or on behalf of: (1) New York State, its political subdivisions or any office or agency thereof; (2) a school, college or university that is financially supported primarily by New York State or any of its political subdivisions, or any officially recognized body of students thereof, except that a judge may receive the ordinary compensation for a lecture or for teaching a regular course of study at any college or university if the teaching does not conflict with the proper performance of judicial duties; or (3) any private legal aid bureau or society designated to represent indigents in accordance with article 18-B of the County Law. (2) Public Reports.

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The investments undertaken by the companies were very high risk and the clients stood to lose substantially in the event of failure. Nevertheless, the lawyer must keep the client's interests foremost and, except for protective action authorized under paragraph (b), must look to the client, and not family members, to make decisions on the client's behalf. [4] If a legal representative has already been appointed for the client, the lawyer should ordinarily look to the representative for decisions on behalf of the client.